Professor Galil’s research interests comprise anthropogenic changes of macrobenthic ecology in coastal and deep waters, the dynamics/conservation of marine biodiversity, and marine bioinvasions and decapod crustacean taxonomy and biology. She has co-ordinated benthic surveys and monitoring in nationally important projects. Professor Galil has also pioneered studies in vessel-transported alien species in the Mediterranean. She has also headed the first national study of ballast water biota in vessels entering and exiting Israeli ports.
Professor Galil was chairperson of the executive committee of the Zoological Society of Israel from 1993 – 1997; managing editor of the Israel Journal of Zoology from 1992 – 1998; founding member of the Israeli Association for Aquatic Sciences (IAAS), and a member of its first executive committee from 2003 – 2005. She was also co-chair of the scientific committee, “Living Resources & Marine Ecosystems”, CIESM – The Mediterranean Science Commission from 2001 – 2007, and a Member of the Directorate and chairperson of the Scientific Committee of the Nature and Parks Authority, Israel from 2007 – 2012.
Professor Galil has authored over 270 peer-reviewed scientific papers, co-edited three books, and is on the editorial board of three international journals.